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August 3, 2012

Warrensburg, Missouri Cultural Resource Survey 2008, Historical District

Cultural Resource Survey – Phases I & II Warrensburg, Missouri
Click on the link above to view the entire report in pdf.
Sally Schwenk Associates, Inc.
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When European explorers arrived in what is now Western Missouri in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, they encountered several native tribes including the Osage, the Kansa (also referred to as the Kansas and the Kanza), the Missouri, and the Oto (Otoe) nations. The Osage, who lived in Missouri from the 1500s to 1825, were the most powerful and dominant tribe in the area south of the Missouri River in Western and Central Missouri. Their traditional lands – those on which they trapped, traded, planted and ranged – also included Eastern Kansas, Northern Arkansas, and Northeastern Oklahoma. Their traditional hunting grounds included what is present-day Johnson County, Missouri. Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the Osage ceded their lands south of the Missouri River and east of a line running south from Fort Osage in Jackson County, Missouri, to the United States Government in the Osage-American treaty of 1808. In 1825, the Osage relinquished all the remaining claims in Missouri. Beginning in the early 1800s, the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers served as natural trade arteries for Euro-Americans, as they earlier had for native peoples. These river trails were preferable to the existing overland routes and dominated movement through and around Missouri. Beginning in 1813, the Astorians extended their fur trading empire into the Rocky Mountain region, establishing the Missouri River (because of its geographical connection with Nebraska’s Platte Valley) as the most natural route to the West. Although trappers, explorers, traders, and a few settlers.

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