|Kit Carson's Sister Lived in Knob Noster, MO, Died 1899|
Mrs. Mary Ann Carson Rubey
Los Angeles Herald, Number 26, 26 October 1899
Kit Carson's Sister lived near Knob Noster
Warrensburg, Missouri Oct. 25.—Mrs. Mary Rubey, a sister of Kit Carson, the famous scout, died here today of apoplexy. She was born in an Indian fort near Booneboro, Howard county, and during the 87 years of her life was never out of the state of Missouri. Mrs. Rubey was the last member of Kit Carson's family.
Mary Ann Carson Rubey
May 23, 1815
Oct. 25, 1899
Mrs. Mary Carson Rubey, aged 86, died near her home in Knob Noster, Mo., the other day. Her name is interesting to the public from the fact she was the sister of the famous scout Christopher or "Kit" Carson.
"Grandmother" Rubey, as she was affectionately called by all who knew her, was born in Howard Co., Mo., 86 years ago. Her illustrious brother was born two years before in the State of Kentucky. Their home in this new territory-Missouri-was a fort, with high stockades around it, as protection against the Indians.
Mrs. Rubey was like her brother in physique and features, but just the opposite in disposition.
In 1895 she said: "When I was a child I never got into bed without the feeling that an Indian would grab me, and we always pulled the covers over our heads. But Kit was never afraid, and at the least noise his little brown head would bob up to listen. Even when he was just a little fellow he would take his turn at watching with the older men. I was never afraid when he was on guard."
Although somewhat feeble at the time of her death, she was as bright and quick intellectually as ever. Her memory might fail her about the happenings of the day before, but not so about the history of Missouri, before it was made a state and afterwards. The events of the Civil War were buried in her memory. While her brother served the Union by daring deeds in the west, conducting supplies across the plains as well as parties of men, women and children, she and her husband Judge Henry Rubey, were Confederates, keeping open house every day during the four years, always extending a hearty welcome to the men in grey and giving food and drink to the boys in blue.
Only a few weeks before her death she related the story of Kit Carson's home leaving. "Brother Kit was a good student and was intended for the law by my father. He was learning the saddler's trade at Franklin, MO., though he never liked it, saying the only use he had for a saddle was on a horse's back. Three of our brothers were trading between St. Louis and Santa Fe, and Kit was to take the trip with them after a year to his trade. He was 15 years old or thereabouts. The brothers got as far as Independence, Mo., when they were unexpectedly joined by Kit, on a mule that he had neither begged or borrowed. After renewed prayers and entreaty on his part and a command from them to return, he rode his mule back a little way and then turned it loose. It made straight for home, and the party were obliged to take him on with them."
That was the last seen of "Kit" by his sisters for fifteen years, though he wrote them frequently and promised to return, which he did after braving every foe of that uncivilized land and enduring hardships from which many an older man turned away.
Mexico Missouri Message
Nov 9, 1899
Enshrined in popular mythology even in his own lifetime, Kit Carson was a trapper, scout, Indian agent, soldier and authentic legend of the West.
Born on Christmas eve in 1809, Carson spent most of his early childhood in Boone's Lick, Missouri. His father died when he was only nine years old, and the need to work prevented Kit from ever receiving an education. He was apprenticed to a saddle-maker when he turned fourteen, but left home for the Santa Fe, New Mexico area in 1826.
From about 1828 to 1831, Carson used Taos, New Mexico, as a base camp for repeated fur-trapping expeditions that often took him as far West as California. Later in the 1830's his trapping took him up the Rocky Mountains and throughout the West. For a time in the early 1840's, he was employed by William Bent as a hunter at Bent's Fort.
As was the case with many white trappers, Carson became somewhat integrated into the Indian world; he travelled and lived extensively among Indians, and his first two wives were Arapahoe and Cheyenne women. Carson was evidently unusual among trappers, however, for his self-restraint and temperate lifestyle. "Clean as a hound's tooth," according to one acquaintance, and a man whose "word was as sure as the sun comin' up," he was noted for an unassuming manner and implacable courage.
In 1842, while returning to Missouri to visit his family, Carson happened to meet John C. Fremont, who soon hired him as a guide. Over the next several years, Carson helped guide Fremont to Oregon and California, and through much of the Central Rocky Mountains and the Great Basin. His service with Fremont, celebrated in Fremont's widely-read reports of his expeditions, quickly made Kit Carson a national hero, presented in popular fiction as a rugged mountain man capable of superhuman feats.
Carson's notoriety grew as his name became associated with several key events in the United States' westward expansion. He was still serving as Fremont's guide when Fremont joined California's short-lived Bear-Flag rebellion just before the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in 1846, and it was Carson who led the forces of U.S. General Stephen Kearney from New Mexico into California when a Californio band led by Andrés Pico mounted a challenge to American occupation of Los Angeles later that year.
At the end of the war, Carson returned to New Mexico and took up ranching. By 1853, he and his partner were able to drive a large flock of sheep to California, where gold rush prices paid them a handsome profit. This same year Carson was appointed federal Indian agent for Northern New Mexico, a post he held until the Civil War imposed new duties on him in 1861.
Carson played a prominent and memorable role in the Civil War in New Mexico. He helped organize the New Mexico volunteer infantry, which saw action at Valverde in 1862. Most of his military actions, however, were directed against the Navajo Indians, many of whom had refused to be confined upon a distant reservation set up by the government. Beginning in 1863 Carson waged a brutal economic war against the Navajo, marching through the heart of their territory to destroy their crops, orchards and livestock. When Utes, Pueblos, Hopis and Zunis, who for centuries had been prey to Navajo raiders, took advantage of their traditional enemy's weakness by following the Americans onto the warpath, the Navajo were unable to defend themselves. In 1864 most surrendered to Carson, who forced nearly 8,000 Navajo men, women and children to take what came to be called the "Long Walk" of 300 miles from Arizona to Fort Sumner, New Mexico, where they remained in disease-ridden confinement until 1868.
After the Civil War, Carson moved to Colorado in the hope of expanding his ranching business. He died there in 1868, and the following year his remains were moved to a small cemetery near his old home in Taos.