The Battle of Warrensburg
March 26-27, 1862 in Warrensburg, Missouri
On March 26, Col. William Quantrill and a band of over 200 Confederate raiders entered the town of Warrensburg that afternoon. Their objective was a Union outpost in the town. Warrensburg was commanded by Maj. Emory Foster and a detachment of 60 soldiers of the 7th Missouri Cavalry. Foster had fortified the brick county courthouse and had his men posted behind a thick board stockade surrounding the building. The Confederates made a failed charge against the Federals and was driven off at dusk.
On March 27, the Confederates made another charge that morning but failed to overtake the Union position. They quickly left town and raced back into Jackson County
|Johnson County MO Courthouse|
Daily State sentinel., March 31, 1862 Indianapolis, Indiana
William Quantrill and his guerillas Attack Warrensburg, Missouri
Early on the morning of August 21, 1863, Quantrill, along with his murderous force of about 400, descended on the still sleeping town of Lawrence, Kansas. Incensed by the free-state headquarters town, Quantrill set out on his revenge against the Jayhawker community.
In this carefully orchestrated early morning raid, he and his band, in four terrible hours, turned the town into a bloody and blazing inferno unparalleled in its brutality.
Quantrill and his bushwhacker mob of raiders began their reign of terror at 5:00 a.m., looting and burning as they went, bent on total destruction of the town, then less than 3,000 residents. By the time it was over, they had killed approximately 180 men and boys, and left Lawrence nothing more than smoldering ruins.
The Lawrence Massacre led to swift retribution, as Union troops forced the residents of four Missouri border counties onto the open prairie by issuing General Order #11 on August 25, 1863. The order required all persons living in Cass, Jackson, Bates and part of Vernon counties to immediately evacuate their homes, leaving the area a virtual "No-Man’s Land.” The Federal Troops and Kansas Jayhawkers immediately burned and looted everything left behind.
Having been pushed back, Quantrill moved his men to Texas. On their way south, Quantrill’s well-mounted and armed force of 400 men came upon the 100-man headquarters escort of Union General James G. Blunt. Quantrill’s band attacked on October 6, 1863, killing more than eighty men in what later become known as the Barter Springs Massacre.
Upon his arrival in Texas, Quantrill reported at Bonham on October 26, 1863 to General Henry E. McCulloch. Quantrill and his men were ordered to help round up the increasing number of deserters and conscription-dodgers in North Texas. The band captured a few but killed even more, whereupon McCulloch pulled them off this duty. The General then sent them to track down retreating Comanche’s from a recent raid on the northwest frontier, which they did without success. During their winter in Texas, Quantrill's lieutenant, William "Bloody Bill" Anderson, took some of the men to organize his own group. With two such groups in the area, Texas residents became targets for raids and so many acts of violence that regular Confederate forces had to be assigned to protect residents from the activities of the irregular Confederate forces.
Finally, General McCulloch determined to rid North Texas of Quantrill’s influence and on March 28, 1864 Quantrill was arrested on the charge of ordering the murder of a Confederate Major. However, Quantrill escaped returning to his camp near Sherman, Texas, pursued by over 300 state and Confederate troops. His band then crossed the Red River into Indian Territory, where they resupplied from Confederate stores and started the long journey back to Missouri.
Soon, his guerrilla band began to break up into several smaller units and his vicious lieutenant, "Bloody Bill" Anderson, known for wearing a necklace of Yankee scalps into battle, would continue to terrorize the state of Missouri. As Quantrill’s authority over his followers disintegrated they elected George Todd, a former lieutenant to Quantrill, to lead them.
Anderson's greatest fame came as a result of a massacre and battle with Union soldiers at Centralia, Missouri, when on September 27, 1864, he led a band of about seventy men into the town. Some dressed in captured Union uniforms, the ruffians showed no mercy to the Centralia residents as they systematically raided homes and stores. Barricading a train that approached Centralia, Anderson's men found 23 unarmed Union soldiers on furlough. The soldiers were taken from the train, and ordered to disrobe. After isolating one soldier, Sergeant Tom Goodman, the other 22 soldiers were shot and killed as the horrified Centralia residents and train passengers looked on.
Sergeant Goodman, who was taken hostage by the Anderson guerrillas, lived to write of the whole affair after the Civil War.
In their final act of wanton destruction, the guerrillas set fire to the Centralia Depot, sacked and set fire to the train and then sent it on its way, west, with no crew aboard, to later crash and be destroyed.
Meanwhile, in an attempt to regain his prestige, Quantrill concocted a plan to lead a company of men to Washington and assassinate President Abraham Lincoln. He assembled a group of raiders in Lafayette County, Missouri, in November and December 1864 with the idea of completing this task. However, the strength of Union troops east of the Mississippi River convinced him that his plan could not succeed. Quantrill turned back and resumed his normal pattern of raiding.
With a group of thirty-three men, he entered Kentucky early in 1865. In May a Unionist irregular force surprised his group near Taylorsville, Kentucky, and in the ensuing battle Quantrill was shot through the spine. He died at the military prison at Louisville, Kentucky, on June 6, 1865. He is buried at the Missouri Confederate Soldier’s Memorial in Higginsville, Missouri.
Roster of Quantrill's, Anderson's and Todd's Guerrillas and other 'Missouri Jewels'
Search by the first letter of their last name
*1860 census (under research)
|Owned the Roscoe House where Pinkerton agents battled with the Youngers|
27 May 1867.
Albert L. 'Ab'
County, Missouri. He married Elizabeth Eleanor Hook of Odessa on November 1864. They had five
children. Gregg served under William Clarke Quantrill from December 1861 through the winter of
1863/1864. He left Quantrill's band near Sherman, Texas, at which time he joined General Joe Shelby
and was made a captain in Shanks' Brigade. After the war he returned to his farm in Jackson County,
and served as deputy sheriff during which time he wrote of his experiences with Quantrill.ptain
1st Lt. William
|Drowned in April 1865 in the Sulfur River at Clarksville, Texas|
|Listed on Roster dated 6 July 1862|
|KIA 4 Aug 1864|
|Killed in Johnson County, MO December 1863|
|A Captain with Anderson. Was at Brunswick, MO 18 Nov. 1864|
|Indicted 18 Nov 1863 for the murder of George Burt at Lawrence, 21 Aug 1863|
|Indicted 18 Nov 1863 for the murder of George Burt at Lawrence, 21 Aug 1863|
Solomen Perry or
William N. 'Babe'
|At Lawrence, 21 Aug 1863; Fayette, 20 Sept 1864; Centralia, 27 Sept 1864. Was with Quantrill in KY and surrendered 26 July 1865 at Samuel's Depot, KY. Probably helped rob the Hayes and Wesson Bank in Richmond, MO with 12 other ex-guerrillas 22 May 1867. Died 1890 but correspondence with Mrs. Anthony Orlando, a great-great niece stated he was hung early 1865 in Kentucky . For more information on the Hulse surname, contact: I know the Hulses|
|Died, age 77 in Fayette, Mo. A second cousin to the Younger bros.|
Jack or John
Dr. Lee C.
|John was a Black man who was Quantrill hostler. Attended reunions|
Alex D. 'Donnie'
|Survived War-Deserted Quantrill after the raid on Lawrence. Became a suspect in many bank robberies after the war.|
Chatham E. 'Chat'
Oliver B. 'Oll'
|At Richfield, MO (Missouri City)19 May, 1863 w/Frank James, L. Easton, Louis Vandiver, Louis Gregg, Moses McCoy and Mr. Churchill|
Randolph 'Ran' M.
|Was at Lawrence raid 21 Aug 1863 were he stole $3000 loading it on to his hose which was shot out from under him. He escaped Lawrence on the back of Cole Younger's horse. D. 17 Nov 1914 at 79. Attended many reunions|
James Henry 'Jim'
Thomas Coleman 'Cole'
Information for this list was obtained from the following sources
"Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy", by Richard S. Brownlee
"The Devil Knows how to Ride", by Edward E. Leslie
"Three Years With Quantrill", by John McCorkle