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February 21, 2017

August 27, 1861 200 Rebels Attack Warrensburg led by Gen. Benjamin McCulloch

Warrensburg, Missouri August 27, 1861
At Warrensburg, Johnson County, Mo., on Saturday, 200 rebels, who just returned from McCulloch's forces, broke into the Post Office, destroyed the mails, opened and destroyed letters to Union men, broke into many house, smashed furniture, wantonly destroyed much property, and drove out families. Eleven hundred of our cavalry, en route from Lexington, will pass through Warrensburg and punish the rebels.
1861 Map of the Northern and Southern States
Benjamin McCulloch  Story Link
Military Leader, CSAMay 11, 1861 to March 7, 1862
Date: 1861 to 1862
Source: Library of Congress

Benjamin McCulloch was born on November 11, 1811 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, where one of his neighbors was “King of the Wild Frontier” David “Davy” Crockett. At the age of 23 McCulloch followed Crockett to Texas, where he found himself in the middle of the Texas Revolution. In the Battle of San Jacinto, led by Sam Houston, McCulloch fought against Mexican forces. During the battle he used one of the first two six pound cannon with such skill that he received a commission to First Lieutenant. 

He stayed in Texas and served in the State Legislature and fought under Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War. Once again he proved to be a good soldier though he was one of the few who did not have formal education or training in military affairs.After the Mexican War McCulloch attempted to take advantage of the gold rush in California, but he failed to accumulate any wealth from the venture. He returned to Texas, where then President Franklin Pierce appointed him Federal Marshal for Texas; he would serve his post until 1859. In 1858, President James Buchanan had sent him to Utah to assist in settling problems related to the Mormons.

When Texas seceded from the Union in February 1861, McCulloch led a group of Texas state troops as a Colonel and forced Union General David Twiggs to surrender his arms and equipment in San Antonio, as well as all the Union posts in the state of Texas. For this, McCulloch received a commission to Brigadier General in the Confederate army on May 11, 1861. He was ordered to Arkansas and was put in charge of the troops there.
It would be August of 1861 before McCulloch saw his first battle. His enemy would not only be troops from the border state of Missouri, but also controversial Union Captain Nathaniel Lyon.  Benjamin-McCulloch
Boonville, MO
Springfield, MO

 Battle of Carthage, Missouri

1 comment:

JoCoMo History said...

Southern sympathisers have claimed that Missouri was invaded by a foreign host during the Civil War. They were of course referring mosrly to troops from Iowa, Wisconsin and Colorado. However since Ben McCulluch was born in Tennessee and lived in Texas, wasn't he then also a "foreigner?"