US Colored Troops medal 1865 Smithsonian Museum
Previously unidentified African American soldier in Union uniform with wife and two daughters
Source: Library of Congress, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-36454
|The men in this picture are from Company E, 4th United States |
Colored Infantry. Theirs was one of the detachments assigned to guard the
nation's capital during the American Civil War, circa 1864
1st Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry
The First Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry was an African-American infantry regiment
that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Redesignated as the 62nd
Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops on March 11, 1864.
The Regiment was organized at Benton Barracks, in St. Louis, Missouri, December 7–14, 1863. Attached to District of St. Louis, Mo., to January 1864. Designation changed to 62nd Regiment United States Colored Troops March 11, 1864. Ordered to Port Hudson, Louisiana. District of Baton Rouge, La.,
Dept. of the Gulf, to June 1864. Provisional Brigade, District of Morganza, Dept. of the Gulf, to September 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Morganza, Dept. of the Gulf, to September 1864. Port Hudson, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to September 1864.
Brazos Santiago, Texas, to October, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, United States Colored Troops, Dept. of the Gulf, to December 1864. Brazos Santiago, Texas, to June 1865. Dept. of Texas to March 1866.
Ordered to Baton Rouge, La., March 23, 1864, and duty there till June. Ordered to Morganza, La., and duty there till September. Expedition from Morganza to Bayou Sara September 6–7. Ordered to Brazos Santiago, Texas, September, and duty there till May 1865.
Expedition from Brazos Santiago May 11–14. Action at Palmetto Ranch May 12–13, 1865. White's Ranch May 13. Last action of the war.
Duty at various points in Texas till March 1866. Ordered to St. Louis via New Orleans, La. Mustered out March 31, 1866.
Founding of Lincoln University
One of the soldiers' most important achievements came at the end of the war. Between duties, and after the termination of hostilities, soldiers of the 62nd and 65th U.S. Colored Troops had been learning to read and write. The troops of these three regiments agreed that they wished to continue their studies as civilians. The soldiers and their officers signed resolutions pledging to work to establish a school "for the special benefit of free blacks". Troops of the 62nd U.S.C.T. were especially energetic in working towards this goal, raising $4,000 to support the establishment of the planned educational institution. This effort eventually lead to the opening of the Lincoln Institute (now Lincoln University) in Jefferson City, Missouri on September 16, 1866
Battle of Palmito Ranch
|Battle of Palmito Ranch|
|Part of the American Civil War|
Sketch map of battle
|United States(Union)||CSA (Confederacy)|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Theodore H. Barrett||John "Rip" Ford|
|2nd Texas United States Cavalry (dismounted)|
62nd Regt U.S. Colored Troops
34th Indiana Veteran Volunteer Infantry
|2nd Texas Confederate Cavalry Regiment|
French Foreign Legion(Alleged)
Second Mexican Empire (Alleged)
|Casualties and losses|
Honoring US Colored Troops from Missouri